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Importance of Planting for Specialist Bees & Pollinators

By: Stacey Wildberger

“Let’s stop saying a flowering plant is a pollinator magnet because you see adults from a generalist insect species visiting the blooms (hello, bumble bees). Too often we greenwash human privilege and supremacy by assuming that because something is using a plant we find pretty, whether exotic or native, then the plant must be providing essential ecosystem services to insects and bugs.” Benjamin Vogt, author of “A New Garden Ethic”

One of the reasons why native plants are so important to use in our landscapes is because of their relationship to the local fauna.  Native flora and fauna have co-evolved together for thousands of years and have come to rely on one another for survival.  Many species have developed a specialist relationship with a particular family or even species of plant for life sustaining purposes.  They often can only use them for laying their eggs as a host plant or gather nectar for food for themselves.  Without having their particular plant species they will not survive.  There are generalist species that can feed on a wild variety of plants while the specialist are limited to specific plants.  We need to use the native plants that cater to the specialists because the generalists can also us those plants as well.  Generalist bees account for 80% of the total wild bee population and the 20% are specialized. IF you plant for specialist the generalist will be provided for as they aren’t so picky! 

As our speaker last year, Sam Droege, a USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center Biologist said “if the plants are not there, the pollinators will not be there”.  Plant diversity equates bee diversity!  I encourage you to read this great write up of another of Sam’s recent talks to understand the need to plant the plants the specialized require:

https://vnps.org/specialist-bees-need-special-plants/  (this page also includes a great link to many more specialist plants for bees.)

 Trees and shrubs that are important to specialist bees include Salix Willow, Ceris Canadensis Redbud, Cornus Dogwoods, and Ilex verticillata Winterberry.  Plants in the Solidago Goldenrods Symphytrichum Asters and Helianthus Sunflowers families are the top plants for specialized bees, as well as Oenethera Evening primrose and Pontederia cordata Pickerelweed.

Letter of support to AA Co Executive

Here is the letter that CCC sent to Steuart Pittman as thanks for his support of Cape St Claire to the Main Beach restoration, in spite of the construction of a new boat dock in that location. The beach restoration hopefully will be a major environmental improvement to our shoreline.

What’s Happening at the Serene Ravine

By Stacey Wildberger

Weed pulling is in (almost) full swing as the Wednesday Weed Warriors have been cautiously meeting on Wednesday evenings from 5 to 6:45 to pull invasive weeds such as garlic mustard, bush killer, dames rocket and money plant to name a few.  We started the season with Wine in the Weeds kickoff where we had many new volunteers interested in helping out but unfortunately due to COVID 19 concerns most have been unable to participate.  We look forward to seeing everyone come out and attack the invasive plants when we return to normal! The CCC board members still meet in small groups of 3-4 with plenty of socially distancing to work on Wednesday evenings to try to get ahead of those nasty plants.

On Saturday April 25th we also arranged to add over 350 plugs of three Carex species (a grass like plant) and more Packera Aurea to naturally combat the garlic mustard to the Serene Ravine.  We had a small group of people working at a safe distant apart and we quickly got all the plants in the ground.  Mother Nature helped us out by watering it the next day and into the following week. 

Packera Aurea in Serene Ravine (by Stacey Wildberger)

Speaking of the Packera Aurea, that experiment is going great!  We planted hundreds of plugs last spring and fall to naturally suppress the garlic mustard and it is working.  We planted about 10-12 plants per 5’ circle in high garlic mustard areas and many of the circles are completely filled in with the Packera Aurea and spreading outside of the circles as well.  I have found little to no traces of garlic mustard in those areas.  The Packera Aurea has been in full bloom from the end of March to now as I write this.  The colorful display is not only attractive to early season pollinators but also pedestrians walking by.  The eye catching pop of color draws walkers in to the path.  Once there they discover the wonder, beauty and tranquility of the Serene Ravine.  We have several snakes, frogs, insects and birds making their home there.   Cape resident Louise Zeitlin spotted a red shouldered hawk and a palm warbler on her first visit.  She quickly fell in love with the splendor and nature of the Ravine that she decided to give back to the community by painting rocks with messages and hiding them along the path for kids and adults to discover.  Others followed suit and added their own! Please be sure to take a quick detour if you are walking past on Lake Claire Dr. and see for yourself.

Red Shouldered Hawk (by Louise Zeitlin)
Palm Warbler (by Louise Zeitlin)

We are looking to add more plants to attract wildlife, as well as humans, increase the biodiversity, slow run runoff and control erosion.  Plants on my wish list include woodland phlox, mayapples, skunk cabbage, white wood aster, goldenrod and ferns.  We will continue to fight invasive plants, mulch the path and add native plants.  If you are interested in helping out in a socially distant way or becoming involved at a later time please email me at president@capeconservationcorps.org

Top 5 Ways to be Habitat Hero

  1. Plant native plants- they have co-evolved along the native species that use them.
  2.  Be sure to always have multiple plants in bloom thorough out each season in a variety of color, shape and size.
  3.  Provide a clean water source such as a bird bath or pond
  4.  Eliminate the use of pesticides- use IPM (for every pest there are natural predators).  Let nature do its job.
  5.  Let fallen leaves, branches lay (or move them to a designated area so nesting bees and other overwintering insects have a safe place.  It will also attract birds to the pile looking for tidbits!
Sedum ternatum White Stonecrop (by Stacey Wildberger)
Salvia lyrate Lyre Leaf Sage (by Stacey Wildberger)

Spotlight on Native Host Plants: Two Powerhouse Perennials

By: Stacey Wildberger

The last couple months have been an interesting time in our lives, unprecedented actually.  I hope everyone is staying safe, healthy and mentally healthy!! Since our schedules were cleared for us many have been able to spend lots of quality time in our gardens, getting our flower beds refreshed and cleaned up, preparing to plant veggies and just taking time to enjoy what nature has to offer in our backyard.  Many Capers can be seen strolling the community with kids and dogs in tow just to take a break from being in the house.  So many of us our spending extra time outside in our gardens and own backyards, possibly planning a new garden bed or thinking about what plants to add this year to make a more pollinator friendly landscape or healthy habitat for the local fauna.  So, let’s take a look at a few top native plants to support biodiversity in our area.  These are some plants that support the most number of Lepidoptera (butterfly and moth) species- the plants they need to lay their eggs on- the #1 Top Rated Host Plants!

Wrinkleleaf goldenrod

Let’s start with the top 2 perennials, both of which bloom in the fall so they not only are the best host plants you can add to your landscape but also will benefit the fall migrating butterflies, mainly the much loved Monarch butterfly. 

Blue stem goldenrod

Solidago goldenrod are available in many species so there is sure to be one that fits your conditions.  These pollinator magnets and top host plants support 115 species of Lepidoptera.  Several caterpillars that feast on goldenrod include the brown-hooded owlet, the camouflaged looper, the common pug, the striped garden caterpillar, and the goldenrod gall moth.  In addition to being a host plant, goldenrods attract a great many pollinators, including solitary wasps, soldier beetles, mining bees, the polyester bees as well as many other specialized native bees.  Butterflies that will frequent your goldenrod include the Monarch, Hairstreaks, and Painted Ladies.  I have also seen many birds feasting on their seed heads, including sparrows, chickadees, juncos, and downy woodpeckers. There are several species that will work well for our Cape gardens, find one that matches your conditions and you will provide food, shelter and happiness for so many species of butterflies, moths, birds and a large variety of other insects!  Solidago rugosa wrinkleleaf or rough-stemmed goldenrod can handle moist to average soil in full sun, it will grow between 1-6’ depending on the conditions. 

Canadian goldenrod

A common cultivar is “fireworks” that stays about 2-3’ so it works well in the garden.  If you are like many in the Cape you often have shade, so look for a more shade tolerant species such as Solidago caesia wreath or blue stem goldenrod.  This particular species is 1-3” and can handle full sun to part shade and dry to medium soil.  Another option for full sun is Solidago canadensis Canadian goldenrod (an MD native despite the name).  It ranges from 4-5’ and prefers medium soil and full sun.  And finally if you are lucky enough to have a moist sunny spot you could use Solidago sempervirens seaside goldenrod (picture as header), 3-6’ in height this salt tolerant variety will be a great addition to your moist to average soil areas.  One last note of interest Goldenrods DO NOT cause sneezing and hay fever.  They are insect pollinated plants, not wind pollinated and are not the culprit to fall allergies (do not confuse it them with ragweed).

New England Aster

The next powerhouse group of perennials are another group of fall blooming plants, Asters.  Their striking purple blooms make a beautiful combination with the aforementioned goldenrods.  The purple of the Asters and the golden yellows of the goldenrods are a can’t miss autumn display that is sure to bring in the butterflies and pollinators.  Asters are the host plant to 112 species of Lepidoptera including pearl crescents, northern crescents, tawny crescents, field crescents, silvery checkerspots, brown-hooded owlets, camouflaged loopers, common pugs, and striped garden caterpillars.  Additionally, they are another strong source of nectar and pollen for migrating butterflies and fall foraging insects. 

Smooth blue aster

There are many varieties, so you should be able to find ones to suit your yard.  Aster novae-angliae New England Aster is popular for full to part sun in dry to average areas with a height of 2’ it would complement your landscape well. The violet bloom last from September well into late October.  Another full sun with dry to medium soil requirements is a smaller 1-2’ is the Symphyotrichum laeve smooth blue aster with blue-purple bloom and a yellow center it will sure to be a spectacular addition to the fall blooming garden.  If you are looking for a shade tolerant aster look no further than Eurybia divaricata white wood aster.  Another fall blooming plant this one tolerates part to full shade with dry to medium soil.  It has small white bloom with yellow centers.   

White wood aster

For a complete list of woody and perennial hosts plants click on the link https://enst.umd.edu/sites/enst.umd.edu/files/_docs/Table%201%20from%20Doug%20Tallamy%20Sheet1.pdf

Cape Conservation Corps Donation of Bat Houses To Local CSC Girl Scout Troop

In 2017, Beverly Triton Beach Park officially went online as the new and improved Beverly Triton Nature Park.  With an upgraded playground, boating ramps, and vision for the 340 acres of green space, Beverly Triton Nature Park’s rangers have been working hard to invite the public into their new vision of the park.  While the space has been open to kiteboarding and fishing etc. for decades, the park is now offering hiking trails and educational programs.  The 4th grade ladies from Troop 55 of the Broadneck Peninsula were ecstatic to explore some new trails in our Anne Arundel backyard.  And as always, these Junior Girl Scouts were happy to leave it better than they found it.

            The troop of 13 girls spent a beautiful, sunny afternoon with Ranger Victor earning their animal habitat badges.  Ranger Victor introduced the girls to local species living at Beverly Triton Nature Park, sharing skins, shells and bone fragments, as well as pointing out occupied animal habitats throughout the park.  The culmination of their exploration of animal habitats in not only Beverly Triton Nature Park, but Maryland as a whole, was an in depth discussion of bats found here in our state.  Ranger Victor discussed the species of bats found here in Maryland and their declining numbers.  As a new park expanding its educational mission and offering new trails, adding bat houses to attract and provide safe shelter for the local bat population has been on the docket for the rangers of Beverly Triton.  While the girls had a blast decorating small bat house kits in vibrant paint colors and glitter, the success rate of habitation and durability of these smaller bat houses is low.  That’s where Cape Conservation Corps stepped up to help some of its youngest residents improve one of our local county parks.  Cape Conservation Corps donated 6 high quality cedar bat houses which the girls stained with the appropriate bat safe, outdoor weather resistant wood stain.  These bat houses were later hung throughout the park in locations the girls discussed with Ranger Victor that would be best suited for bats – high up and along the edge of the tree line, but not obscured by trees.  As Ranger Victor explained to the girls, bats like a clear entry/exit from the bat house along with the protection of the tree line.  A huge thank you to Cape Conservation Corps for helping the girls earn their badge, bring awareness and name recognition to one of Anne Arundel’s newest family friendly green spaces, and most importantly, for encouraging and supporting Maryland’s local fauna.  The Junior girls of Troop 55 cannot wait to work with Cape Conservation Corps in the future right here in Cape St Claire.

Eastern Small-Footed bat, Little Brown bat, Northern Long-eared bat, Tri-Colored bat, Indiana bat, Big Brown bat
Eastern Red bat, Hoary bat, Evening bat, Silver-Haired bat
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